ISOC Canada > Live Event

Live Event

If you missed Monday’s announcement and chapter launch, the event can be viewed in its entirety below.

April 12th, 2013 by | Posted in | 8 Comments

8 Responses to Live Event

  1. Paul Brigner says:

    Audio and video are great. Congrats ISOC Canada Chapter! I am very happy to see this launch event.

  2. James S says:

    Thanks for webcasting this!

  3. admin says:

    Our apologies for anyone having issues with the audio and video this morning. We have just refreshed the webcast to hopefully solve the problem. Please note that a video recording will be posted shortly after the event on the ISOC Canada YouTube page.

  4. Judith Hellerstein says:

    Video is now up, but audio is very faint

  5. Great to see this finally coming to Canada. Kudos to those who put in the effort to make it happen!

  6. admin says:

    Hi Eric
    The question was delivered by Dr. Gordon Brown of CIGI and it’s a valid question. His question is concerning the Digital Divide that Aboriginals face in Canada.
    One research paper on this issue
    1. Digital Divide and Aboriginals
    Detailed report on the Digital Divide in Canada and Aboriginals

    Statistics regarding Internet access and connectivity can be confusing. For example, in
    Canada, the total number of Aboriginal people that live in Aboriginal communities with
    access to high speed Internet service is approximately 25%. The overall percentage of
    Canadians with access to high-speed Internet services is close to 85%. Using this
    comparison a digital divide seems to exist.
    However, the percentage of Aboriginal communities with high-speed Internet access is
    approximately 20%. The total percentage of Canadian communities with access to highspeed Internet services is about 24%. The existence of a digital divide using this measure
    appears weak.3
    Regarding northern communities in Canada, survey results have shown that 25% of
    northern Aboriginal communities have high-speed Internet services; this is actually
    higher than Canada as a whole. However, the rate of no-connection or long distance dialin connection in the north totals 41%. Connectivity in the north appears to be either very
    good or very poor. Therefore, a digital divide seems to exist in the north for basic Internet
    service. Regarding remote communities in Canada; survey results show that 14% of
    remote Aboriginal communities have access to high-speed Internet services, while 63%
    have at least basic dial-in access without long distance toll charges. Both of these
    numbers are significantly below the Canadian averages of 24% and 72% respectively.
    For remote Aboriginal communities there exists a digital divide.4
    Looking closely at remote communities (generally north of 55°, and/or over 50km from
    nearest service centre, and/or having no year round road access) we see that high-speed
    Internet access rates are at 14% while no acceptable connectivity remains high at 37%.
    406 Aboriginal communities fit our definition of remote. This is comprised of 342 First
    Nations, 51 Inuit, and 13 Métis communities.
    According to a survey by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC), 88.7% of First
    Nations communities, 28.3% of Metis communities and 51.4% of Inuit communities have
    toll free access to the internet at the community level (A.C.C.I 2003 Report, III, a, i.).
    Also, 62.7% of First Nations communities, 29.8 of Metis communities and 70.6 % of
    Inuit communities have access at the household level. Although there may be the
    infrastructure available to access the internet, it is often the case that these households do
    not own a computer. Consequently, larger communities are better connected to high
    speed internet services, as the cost of the provider decreases with the number of
    Based on the Aboriginal Communities Connectivity Data and Statistics of 737 Aboriginal
    communities surveyed, 70% of Aboriginal communities have at least basic Internet
    connectivity; of which, almost 20% use high speed methods to connect; 5% use alternate
    methods; thus leaving 30% being disconnected. Moving north of 60°, we can see the
    effect that the Connect Yukon initiative has had on northern high-speed access rates. The availability of high speed Internet services in the north is 25%; greater than Canada as a whole. Communities with no acceptable access however increase substantially to 41%.
    We have identified 83 Aboriginal communities north of 60°; 43 First Nations and 40
    Inuit communities.

    # 2 Income Levels and Aboriginals

    Russel Lawrence Barsh
    Department of Native American Studies
    The University of Lethbridge
    4401 University Drive
    Lethbridge, Alberta
    Canada, T1K 3M4

    Although Canada is one of the world’s most secure and prosperous
    countries, its Indigenous peoples—who make up nearly 3 percent of its
    population and who form the numerical majority in the northern half of its
    territory—are significantly disadvantaged.1
    Canada, as a whole, scored the highest of all countries on the United Nations’ “Human Development Index”
    [HDI] last year, but Aboriginal Canadians fell in the “medium” HDI range
    together with countries such as Albania, Cuba, Paraguay and Iraq (UNDP,
    1993). This underscores the need to desegregate measures, such as the
    HDI, by ethnic and regional groups. It also raises important questions about
    the efficacy of national development strategies which, like Canada’s, rely
    on large quantities of top-down funding to promote the equalization of
    conditions of marginalized sectors of society

    Aboriginal Income and Occupations
    From 1965 to 1985 Aboriginal peoples’ per capita income increased
    from one-fifth to one-half of Canada’s national per capita income, and their
    average family income increased to 76 percent of the average for Canadians nationwide (INAC, 1989:38). Although a larger proportion of Aboriginal
    people were employed in the 1980s, this was offset by lower average
    earnings (Table 3). Average earnings were lowest for Indians on Reserves
    ($9,300) in 1985, and the gap between Aboriginal and other Canadians’
    earnings was about 10 percent greater in the Prairies than elsewhere in
    the country (Larocque and Gauvin, 1989).
    Only 7 percent of Aboriginal families had incomes over $60,000 in
    1985, compared to 15 percent of all Canadian families. Indians living on
    Reserves were the poorest, with only half (54 percent) the average family
    income of other Canadians (INAC, 1989:40). Half (51 percent) of the
    Reserve Indians employed in 1980 earned less than $5,000, compared to
    28 percent of other workers (Nicholson and MacMillan, 1986:86). The
    situation of Aboriginal families in urban areas was little better. In 1985, the
    median income of off-Reserve Aboriginal men was $9,800, less than half
    the median income ($20,800) of Canadian men generally, while the median
    income for off- Reserve Aboriginal women, $7,200, was barely two-thirds
    of the median for Canadian women (McDonald, 1991).

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